Glossary of TermsWhen it comes to your prostate health, knowledge is power. We at Dattoli Cancer Center understand that on your journey to acquire information about prostate cancer, related research, and various treatments, you will come across medical and scientific jargon that might need further explanation. Here we've provided a Glossary of Terms related to the topics of prostate health, prostate cancer, prostate cancer research and prostate cancer treatments and cures. You can search for a term numerically or alphabetically by selecting a character in the box below or simply scroll down through the list of terms and their corresponding definitions.
The removal of pelvic lymph nodes with a laparoscope via four small incisions in the lower abdomen
Leuteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone (LHRH)
A chemical signal originating in the hypothalamus that causes the pituitary to make LH, which in turn stimulates the testicles to make testosterone.
LH (luteinizing hormone)
A chemical signal originating in the pituitary gland that causes the testes to make testosterone.
LHRH (luteinizing hormone releasing hormone)
A chemical signal originating in the hypothalamus that causes the pituitary to make LH.
LHRH Analogs (LHRH Agonists)
Synthetic versions of the body''s chemical LHRH that can inhibit pituitary production of the hormone LH.
A chemical agent that blocks the LHRH receptor without the testosterone surge associated with LHRH analogs. LHRH antagonists include Abarelix (Plenaxis).
A high energy x-ray machine generating radiation fields for external beam radiation therapy. These machines are typically mounted with a collimator (or multileaf collimator) in a gantry that rotates vertically around the patient being treated.
Localized Prostate Cancer
Cancer that is confined to the prostate gland, and therefore considered curable.
A small bean-shaped mass of tissue along the vessels of the lymphatic system. The lymph nodes filter out bacteria and other toxins, as well as cancer cells.
The surgical removal and examination of lymph nodes to precisely diagnose and stage cancer.